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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-37

The role legitimacy of nurses in Saudi Arabia

Department of Nursing, Prince Sultan Military College of Health Sciences in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Ameera Mohammed Aldossary
Department of Nursing, Prince Sultan Military College of Health Sciences in Dhahran, P.O. Box 33048, Dammam, Zip Code 31448
Saudi Arabia
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DOI: 10.4103/1658-600X.110671

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Context: Nationally, there is no clear scope of practice for nurses working in Saudi Arabia identifying their role legitimacy as the Nursing Board in the Saudi Commission of Health Specialties has not yet formalized a scope of nursing practice. Role legitimacy can be identified either by a supervisory body or by an agreement that may exist among individual groups. Aims: This study aimed to identify nurses' role legitimacy in Saudi Arabia from the view of nurses, doctors, and patients. Settings and Design: A large survey was undertaken in 2008 in 10 hospitals located in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia related to three major healthcare sectors (government, military, private). Materials and Methods: A quota sample of nurses (n = 614, RR = 61.4%), doctors (n = 130, RR = 26.0%) and patients (n = 322, RR = 64.4%) was undertaken, utilizing a self-administered questionnaire that drew upon the King's Nurse Performance Scale. Statistical Analysis Used: A descriptive analysis was undertaken, using the Chi-square test to compare the views of the participants. Results: The domains of physical care, professional aspects and care management formed a major focus of the nurses' role, with no evidence of role legitimacy regarding the psychosocial and communication aspects of patient care. Conclusions: There was a traditional view of the nurses' role within acute care delivery which will need to be addressed if nurses are to contribute significantly to promoting the health of people in Saudi Arabia.

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